The answer is “Yes”, if you look through a quantitative lens and consider that leadership is defined by the number of followers. The answer is “Not necessarily”, if you look through a qualitative lens and wonder about the way the hierarchical leader got his followers – e.g. dictatorship is not leadership. So if you take both perceptions into consideration, leadership is not necessarily a matter of hierarchical position. May the people with higher hierarchical positions be leaders, not bosses. As Abraham Lincoln has said: “If you want to test a man's character, give him power”. May the people with power get the right character!